Common Melilot herb is a component of the Biofiton Healthy Vessels supplement.
Thanks to the unique cryogenic grinding technology (Cryo Grinding) up to 100% of the cells are opened, increasing the efficiency and power of herbs several times.

GENERAL INFORMATION
Common melilot (Melilotus officinalis, fr. melilot officinal, ger. Echter Steinklee, it. meliloto) – a species of plant belonging to the family of fabaceae (Fabaceae Lindl.,), also known as the legumes family.

PHARMACOLOGY
Hernium herb has anti-inflammatory and diastolic effects. Despite beneficial diastolic effects on blood vessels, it has only limited application in terms of internal use. In higher doses it causes internal bleeding and harms the kidneys and liver. Internally, it is used to a small extent in a mixture with other herbs. It is used mainly for external skin abscesses, difficult to heal wounds, swelling, inflammation of the skin. For this purpose, clams from Melilotus herb were used. Mouthweeds in folk medicine were treated with throat diseases, conjunctivitis, acne baths and other skin diseases. To strengthen the effect, herbal mixtures were often used, in addition to melilot containing chamomile flower and walnut leaves.

CHEMISTRY
In the groundling herb: aromatic coumarin – approx. 1%, tannins, locks, coumarin quince, melilot quart, flavonoids, allantoin, allantoin, uric acid, methyl betaine nicotinic acid, trigonelline, 3,4- dihydrocoumarin – 0.2%, dicoumarol – 0.2%, meliloto-o-coumaric acid. Coumarin is formed from melilotoside and cis-cumarine quartz glucoside

MORPHOLOGY
Stalk
Single, straight, raised, up to 1 m high, mostly branched, naked, green, finely striate.
Leaves
Alternating foliage. Leaves pinnate, trifoliate, with two lanceolate, whole margins, sharpened and easily falling off stipules. Leaves up to 3 cm long and 2 cm wide, elongated or ovoid with a finely toothed edge. They are sharpened at the top and at the base. The upper surface is dark green and naked, while the bottom is pale green with short, fine hairs, especially at the base. Middle leaves have longer petioles than side lobes, leaves of the upper leaves have 6-13 pairs of nerves.
Flowers
The inflorescence is a small group with numerous flowers about 7 mm long, each of which has a hairy goblet with 5 deeply indented, uneven teeth and a yellow crown characteristic of the butterfly flowers. Her boat and wings are slightly shorter than the sail. 10 rods, including 1 free, and 9 threaded together in a tube. Post on the shaft, naked.
Fruit
One or two-sided pod with a length of 3-4 mm, often fused with a chalice, yellowish-brown, short and tapering at the top. The surface is hairless and transversely wrinkled. Small, yellow-green seeds, rarely purple-striped.
Root
Pale, branched.

OCCURRENCE
The native area of ​​Melilot occurrence included Asia and Europe, but it has spread, and nowadays it is present on all continents and on numerous islands outside of Antarctica. The northern border of its range runs through Alaska, the northern regions of Canada, Greenland, the Svalbard archipelago and northern Siberia. The northernmost positions are on the Svalbard archipelago. In the southern hemisphere, it reaches the southern ends of South America, South Africa and New Zealand. In Poland, Nostrzyk is quite common in the lowlands and in the lower mountain locations.

BOTANY
Melilot is an annual or biennial plant, hemicaliptophyte. Blooms from July to October. A honey plant, pollinated by insects. The whole plant gives off a pleasant aroma of fresh hay.
Melilot grows on ruderal and segetal habitats; on meadows, meadows, wasteland, in bushes, roadside areas, railway areas. rubbles. A light-loving plant, often growing together with white clover. In the classification of plant communities, the species characteristic of O. Onopordetalia, Ass. Echio-Meliloteum.
Poisonous plant: Contains dikumarol (a coumarin derivative) that reduces blood clotting. In humans, large amounts of this plant consumed orally cause internal bleeding, damage to the liver and kidneys, dizziness. Melilotus is poisonous also for cattle and horses.
The number of chromosomes 2n = 16. It creates hybrids with white, tall and serrated nymphs.