Medicinal plants included in BIOFITON® Healthy Vessels are used in the following diseases: acute and chronic heart failure, mild circulatory disorders, cardiac arrhythmias, cardiac neurosis, hypertensive disease, coronary heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, venous disease, atherosclerosis – vascular.
Plant components BIOFITON® Healthy vessels were selected taking into account all risk factors as well as the specificity of cardiovascular diseases.
BIOFITON® Healthy Vessels are used in two main areas: treatment of atherosclerosis itself and dysfunction of affected organs, and treatment of complications.
Atherosclerosis of the vessels of the heart, cerebral arteries and associated pathological changes are of particular importance. When it comes to preventive measures, it is very important to fight neurosis and fatigue. Biologically active substances of plants contained in Biofiton supplements have an impact on the development and course of atherosclerosis.
Vitamins, phenolic compounds, saponins, phytosterols, and especially microelements contained in these phytocomplexes, with long-term use protect against disorders of fat metabolism, reduce cholesterol and blood lipids contributing to atherosclerosis; prevent and slow down pathological changes of the walls of blood vessels, reducing their permeability due to the well-absorbable form.
Plant flavonoids contained in the Healthy Vessels Supplement have cardiotonic effects, normalize metabolic processes in the heart at the functional level.
They have sedative, hypotensive and diuretic effects.
They prevent the development of atherosclerosis, improve oxygen balance, help increase coronary blood flow.
Human heart (Latin cor, cordis, Greek cardio) – the central organ of the circulatory system located in the chest, in the mediastinal mediastinum, inside the pericardial sac. The heart acts as a flood-pressure pump and its function is to maintain blood flow through the tissues.
2/3 of the heart lies to the left of the median plane of the body, and only 1/3 to the right of this plane. The axis of the heart (the line connecting the center of the base of the heart to the center of its tip) forms a 45 ° angle with the longitudinal axis.
In relation to the spine it lies at the height of Th4 – Th8; the so-called. vertebrae cardiacae vel Giacomini.
The appearance of cardiovascular diseases is caused by psycho-emotional overloads which the person is subjected to in the era of rapid technological progress. That is why this problem is currently a matter of general concern. Unofficially, he is referred to as the “age problem” or “civilization disease”.
Some progress achieved in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases is largely associated with the introduction of effective preparations of plant origin in therapy.
The heart is an empty organ, it is located in the chest closer to the left side (sometimes it is located on the right side – this is called dextrokardia). The heart performs the function of a pump and ensures blood flow in the blood vessels. It is a four-chamber organ and consists of two atria (left and right) and right and left ventricles. The atria collect (as if accumulating) blood flowing in the veins and pump it into the ventricles, while the ventricles, thanks to strong contractions, throw it out into the blood vessels (arteries). The right ventricle passes blood to the system of vessels in the lungs, where it is enriched with oxygen and gets rid of carbon dioxide, after which it returns to the heart.
The left ventricle sends blood to the blood vessel system, which reaches all other organs and tissues. There, it releases oxygen and takes away carbon dioxide and other metabolic products. Blood flow occurs in a strictly defined direction due to the system of valves located between the atrium and the given ventricle, as well as between the ventricle and the appropriate large artery (aorta or pulmonary artery) into which blood is ejected. The valves only open one way to allow blood to pass, and then close, preventing it from flowing backwards.
The walls of the heart are three-layered. The inner is called endocardium and covers all the heart cavities. The second layer is the thickest and consists of muscle cells – it is the heart muscle that actually does all the work. The third layer covers the heart muscle – it is called the epicardium. In addition, the heart is placed in a special bag – pericardium, which has a protective function. There is a small amount of fluid between the pericardium and the heart itself, which acts as a lubricant and reduces the mutual friction of the heart and pericardium with cardiac contractions.
The heart has its own system of blood vessels. This is understandable if you consider how huge the work is done (for example, each chamber per day passes through it on average 8-10 thousand liters of blood) – it must provide oxygen and nutrients in a smooth manner. Any interruptions in oxygen supply affect the heart most painfully.
Blood circulation is blood circulation in the body. It travels due to heart contractions and circulates in the blood vessels. Blood supplies the body’s tissues with oxygen, nutrients and hormones, and provides metabolism to the excretory organs. Blood enrichment with oxygen takes place in the lungs, and saturation with nutrients in the digestive organs. Neutralization and removal of waste products take place in the liver and kidneys. Blood circulation is regulated by means of hormones and the nervous system. It is an important element of the vital functions of the human body. Only by being in constant motion blood can perform its various functions. The human circulatory system consists of the heart and blood vessels, through which blood flows into the tissues and organs, and then returns to the heart.
The main blood vessels that carry blood to organs and tissues are called arteries. The arteries branch into smaller arteries, into arterioles and finally into capillaries. With blood vessels called veins, the blood returns to the heart. Blood circulation occurs through two main routes called small and large blood circulation. In the small bloodstream, blood circulates through the lungs. The large bloodstream supplies oxygen and nutrients with blood to organs and tissues.
The cardiac cycle includes general diastole (diastole), systole (spasm) of the atria, ventricular systole. During general diastole, the pressure in the heart cavities is close to zero, in the aorta it slowly decreases from systolic to diastolic, the norm in humans is 120 and 80 mm Hg, respectively. The volume of blood ejected by the heart chambers at each systola is 50-70 ml.
During diastole, when the heart is not pumping anything, maintaining an appropriate level of pressure is possible thanks to the elastically stretched walls of the arteries, not allowing it to fall to zero and thus protecting against breaks in the bloodstream. Just stretching the wall of the vessel is seen as beating pulse. The arterioles have a developed smooth musculature, thanks to which they are able to actively change their lumen and thus regulate blood circulation immunity. It is in arterioles that the pressure drops most and they determine the ratio of blood volume and blood pressure.
Capillaries are characterized by the fact that their vascular wall consists of one layer of cells, thanks to which they easily pass all low molecular weight substances dissolved in the blood plasma. Substance exchange occurs between the tissue fluid and blood plasma.
Heart failure (heart decompensation) can be acute or chronic. Chronic heart failure develops with a decrease in the contractile function of the heart muscle (the muscular middle layer of the heart, which is the main part of its mass). There are many pathological conditions leading to decompensation. These include diseases of the heart valves associated with overloading of one of their parts, myocarditis and circulatory disorders, fatigue, intoxication with chemicals. The decrease in the energy efficiency of the heart muscle as a result of disturbances in its biochemical processes leads to a weakening of the contractile function, a decrease in its activity, and as a consequence to the development of venous embolism, renal circulation disorders, hypoxia, cyanosis (bluish skin and mucous membranes), and edema.
Chronic heart failure and arrhythmias
Chronic coronary insufficiency causes atherosclerosis of the blood vessels of the heart. It manifests itself through stenocardia (pain or discomfort behind the sternum) and is the most common form of coronary heart disease (CCS). According to modern knowledge, CCS can be defined as a syndrome characterized by a mismatch of myocardial oxygen demand and its supply from the vascular bed of the heart as a result of atherosclerotic lesions, blood vessel infections or spasm.
There are three degrees of chronic coronary insufficiency. The first – rare stenocardial attacks, which are the result of a large psycho-emotional or physical load. There are no atherosclerotic changes in the arteries.
With a second, stable degree, stenocardial attacks often occur under normal moderate physical activity.
The third, severe degree is characterized by stenocardial attacks occurring at low load and at rest, as well as symptoms of heart failure and arrhythmias.
Arrhythmia occurs in various cardiovascular diseases (coronary artery disease, myocarditis and cardiomyopathies). Arrhythmias often cause heart failure and blood circulation.
Arrhythmias have an adverse effect on the body as a whole, and above all on the cardiovascular system. They can be clinical signs, sometimes early coronary heart disease and inflammatory diseases of the heart muscle. Arrhythmias often lead to or increase in circulatory failure and drop in blood pressure.
In most cases, hypertension is a harbinger of hypertension, a symptom of which is elevated pressure. Eliminating the cause often leads to normalization or a significant reduction.
In healthy people aged 18 to 40 years at rest, blood pressure is usually lower than 140/90 mm Hg, in people aged 41 to 60 – it is less than 150/90 mm Hg, and in people over 60 years of age – below 160/90 mm Hg. An increase in blood pressure relative to the above level always indicates the possibility of the development of symptomatic hypertension in connection with disorders of the functions of organs and systems.
Borderline hypertension – primary arterial hypertension in young and middle-aged people with a transient increase in pressure from 140/90 to 150/94 mm Hg. The pressure is unstable, its normalization occurs spontaneously; slightly elevated and normal blood pressure values alternate. There are no typical changes in the heart, kidneys, brain or fundus associated with hypertensive disease.
In the age group up to 50 years, borderline hypertension is more common in men, whereas after 50 years in women. Hypertension occurs in both young people and athletes, people exposed to noise, vibration and other factors related to work; in people who abuse alcohol, suffering from neurosis, in menopausal women.
Risk factors for developing hypertensive disease include stress, disturbances in water and salt balance, decompensation of diabetes, obesity, and atherosclerosis.
The basis of atherosclerosis is the thickening of the artery wall and the formation of fat plaques in it. These changes gradually lead to uneven narrowing or closing of the lumen of the blood vessel. As a result, local circulation deteriorates, and blood coagulation disorders condition the tendency to thrombosis (formation of blood clots in the lumen of blood vessels). The walls of the vessels become fragile, rough and permeable, which leads to disorders of blood circulation in the body. Most often, atherosclerosis affects the aorta, large and medium arteries, especially the arteries of the heart and brain, causing damage to these organs. Symptoms of atherosclerosis depend on the stage of development of the disease and its severity.
There are two periods of atherosclerosis. The first – initial, when there is no awareness of the disease yet. The second period – the symptoms of the disease are divided into a stage in which there is a short-term eating disorder of some organs as a result of small atherosclerotic changes in the arteries and a stage of pathological changes in the arteries of the heart, when coronary heart disease occurs, the brain, cerebral circulation disorders, manifested as disorders memory of recent events, nervousness, a sense of noise and pulsing in the head.
Atherosclerosis of the abdominal arteries can be manifested by paroxysmal pains in the upper abdomen and various disorders of the digestive system. If the leg arteries are affected, intermittent claudication syndrome appears.
The necrosis stage is characterized by profound lesions of organs and arteries affected by atherosclerosis. At this stage, there are heart attacks, strokes, and atherosclerotic gangrene.
Risk factors for atherosclerosis include: hypertension, diabetes, obesity, family genetic loads, smoking, low physical activity, and stress. This all leads to a violation of the walls of the blood vessels.
Nutrition is particularly important. Excess cholesterol, fatty acids and sugars in the diet lead to changes in fat metabolism and an increase in lipid levels (causing degenerative changes in the walls of the arteries), as well as to a violation of the walls of blood vessels with an increase in their permeability. The most important risk factor is related to the quality and quantity of food – hyperlipidemia, directly reflecting disorders of lipid metabolism.
The term «chronic venous disease» (CVI) is used to refer to venous diseases. This is a general concept that includes varicose veins, acquired deep vein disorders (deep vein thrombosis and post-thrombotic syndrome), as well as congenital venous system diseases. Any of these conditions can be a bother. At the same time, unpleasant symptoms may appear with the lightest forms of CVI, while with serious forms of the disease, for example, extensive varicose veins, do not occur at all.
It should be noted that symptoms that are traditionally treated as “venous” do not have high specificity. This means that these symptoms can occur in a completely healthy person or in diseases not related to veins. The “venous” symptoms traditionally include a feeling of heaviness, swelling, swelling, fatigue, paresthesia (burning, tingling), pain, “restless” legs (the need to move them to get rid of discomfort), convulsions. Localized in the lower legs – mainly the shins – is characteristic for “venous” symptoms.