Hop is a component of Biofiton Healthy Nerves, Healthy Joints, Joint Mobility.
Thanks to the unique cryogenic grinding technology (Cryo Grinding) up to 100% of the cells are opened, increasing the efficiency and power of herbs several times.

GENERAL INFORMATION
Common hop (Humulus lupulus, Hop, houblon, ger. Hopfen, it. Luppolo, sp. Lupulo) – a species of perennial cannabies (Cannabaceae). He appeared in the wild state probably in southern Europe, the Middle East and North America. Cultivated by man colonized (as a wild crop plant) the zone of temperate and warm climate of Eurasia.

PHARMACOLOGY
Hop cone (Lupuli flos) is a raw material – dried, usually whole, female inflorescences. It contains aromatic resin (lupulin), volatile oil, bitterness and other substances with sedative, bacteriostatic, diuretic, estrogenic and chemopreventive properties.

Hop brewing works effectively when falling asleep, relieves hyperactivity, is used in the treatment of prostate gland, improves digestion. Extracts of cones are used for ulcers and difficult to heal wounds, due to strong bactericidal properties.

CHEMISTRY
The inner side of the female flowers are covered with glandular hair secreting lupulin and bitter resin. Lupulin is formed into small grains with a diameter of 0.15-0.25 mm. It contains resin (up to 80%), essential oils (1-6%) and hop acids. In addition, it contains fats, proteins, polysaccharides.

Hop cones contain the same active ingredients, only in different proportions: essential oil (0.5-2%), consisting of about 20 terpenic and sesquiterpene compounds (including humulene, myelcene and cariophyllene), and resins (10 -22%), tannins (2-5%) and flavonoids.

MORPHOLOGY
Stalk
Crooked or climbing, four-cornered, with hooked back hairs on the edges. It always wriggles to the right. Growing up to 6 m in the wild state.
Leaves
Opposite, long-tailed, with 3 to 5 flaps on the main and lateral shoots. Where flowers appear, the leaves are much smaller, usually without clogs. The cord is serrated, the edges are thick-serrated. Upper surface roughly hairy. Bacterial lamellar bracts, often fused, pubescent.
Flowers
Men gathered in the top, dangling, paniculate inflorescences growing from the leaf angles. Male flowers with a diameter of approx. 6 mm with a five-dimensional perimeter and five stamens. Perianth leaves oval to lanceolate, sharp, ciliated. The female flowers are collected in the cat-like inflorescences reminiscent of coniferous cones and so they are colloquially called. Cones or ovoid cones reach up to 3 cm in length and are collected in branched panicles growing from leaf angles. The flowers do not have perianth leaves. Post for signs up to 7 mm in length. The shape of the cone gives membranous scales from the outside covered with yellow-orange glands containing lupulin.
Fruit
Peanut bulb, up to 2 mm in diameter, orange to pale brown.
Roots
Fleshy. The root system is strongly developed, it reaches very deeply.

OCCURRENCE
Moderate and warm climate zones around the world.

BOTANY
A perennial, dioecious plant – only female flowers or only male flowers grow on one plant. Every year new ground shoots and stolons grow out of underground carp. The plant, if it does not find a support, will creep up.
It grows in damp thickets, alders and riparian forests, over ditches, as well as in ruderal areas, buildings and rubbish.