Horse Chestnut is a component of the Biofiton  Healthy Vessels supplement.
Thanks to the unique cryogenic grinding technology (Cryo Grinding) up to 100% of the cells are opened, increasing the efficiency and power of herbs several times.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Chestnut, white chestnut, horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum, francia d’Inde, ger. Rosskastanie, it. Castagna amare, sp. Castano de Indias) – a species of tree from the soapstone family. He comes from the Balkan Peninsula. It is grown in almost all of Europe. Other names: horse chestnut, wild chestnut, bitter chestnut.

PHARMACOLOGY
Herbal raw material: flowers (Flos Hippocastani), bark (Cortex Hippocastani) and semen (the so-called chestnut, Semen Hippocastani). The chestnut flowers contain flavonoids (rutin, astragaline, quercetin, isocercetin), coumarins, tannins, phenolics. The bark contains flavonoids, coumarin compounds, tannins and triterpine saponins (esculin). In contrast, the seeds contain coumarin compounds, escin, phenolic acids, flavonoids, tannins, starch, sugars.
Action: the plant has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, relaxant, anti-hemorrhagic effect, seals blood vessels.
Application in homeopathy: chronic nasopharyngeal rhinitis with a feeling of dryness and burning, and dark red colouration; acute anal pain, constant pain in the area of ​​the cross, loins and hips, intensifying during walking; swelling of legs.
Therapeutic use: Internally, water and alcohol extracts are used for hemorrhoids and varicose veins, disorders of blood circulation, phlebitis, atherosclerosis, inflammation of the liver, frostbite, swelling and ascites, hematomas, cramps, tendonitis, menopausal diseases. Fresh extracts of immature fruits are treated with blood clots and venous stasis, excessive vascular permeability, they are also used in inflammation and catarrhal diseases of the stomach and intestines. Externally chestnut preparations are given in the form of poultices in the treatment of burns, frostbite, epidermal defects, and inflammation of the capillaries of the skin.

CHEMISTRY
All raw materials contain flavonoids, coumarin glycosides (esculin, fraxin), saponins (up to 26% in fruits). The flowers are rich in rutin, astragaline, tannins (up to 3%), mineral salts, acids and carotenoids. The leaves contain a lot of vitamin K, folic acid, rutin and wit. C.
The bark and buds of chestnut are rich in resin, allantoin, tannins; they also have pure allantoic acid.

MORPHOLOGY
Sort
Grows up to 25 m, has a dense, domed or almost cylindrical crown.
Trunk
The bark of older trunks flakes off tafelkowato.
Leaves
Palms placed with 5 to 7 elongated, obovate leaves up to 25 cm long. Large buds secrete a sticky substance.
Flowers
White petals with yellow or red spots at the base. Gathered in dense, paniculate, raised inflorescences up to 30 cm long. Blooms in May.
Fruits
Called chestnuts, spiky handbags up to 6 cm in diameter, containing 1-3 seeds. Fruits in September and October. They are rich in starch and often serve as food for game animals, for example deer, deer, wild boars.

OCCURRENCE
Chestnut tree occurs in south-eastern Europe, North America and East Asia.

BOTANY
Tree up to 20 m high, with a domed crown; large, palmate leaves, 5-7 finger-like, wedge-shaped, obovate leaflets; paniculate inflorescences, large, straight; flowers of both- or dioecious, comb-like; five-brave chalice; crown composed of 4-5 white petals with a yellow or red spot; rods 7; post 1; fruit – a large, spherical, spiny, green bag with 1-3 large, brown seeds with a creamy or white flesh and bitter taste.