Horsetail is a component of Biofiton  Healthy Kidneys, Kidney Recovery, Healthy Vessels, Sport Body supplements.
Thanks to the unique cryogenic grinding technology (Cryo Grinding) up to 100% of the cells are opened, increasing the efficiency and power of herbs several times.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Horsetail (Equisetum arvense, fr. prele de champs, ger. Ackerschachtelhalm, it. Coda di cavallo) – a species of perennial plant belonging to the family Equidae (Equisetaceae). It is the nomenclature type of Equisetum.

PHARMACOLOGY
Diuretic, anti-oedematous, detoxifying, anti-inflammatory, anti-haemorrhagic, strengthening, regulating metabolism. First of all, horsetail is a source of easily absorbable silica, which is necessary to maintain the elasticity of the skin, mucous membranes and connective tissue, and is a component of hair and nails. This is especially important in older people, because silica is one of those ingredients that decreases with age in the body. Silica horsetail solutions are easily absorbed and their excess is excreted in the urine. Silica prevents the formation of stones in the urinary tract and atherosclerosis, because it regulates the permeability of the walls of blood vessels and hinders the accumulation of fat in them. Equisetum arable also increases the amount of erythrocytes and hemoglobin in the blood
Internally, decoctions of horsetail herb are used in inflammation of the urinary tract and urolithiasis, with diabetes, swelling, bleeding from the lungs, urinary tract, uterus and intestines, metabolic disorders, blood vessel rupture, liver diseases, skin diseases, psoriasis and loss hair. Externally, the decoctions are used for rinsing the mouth and throat, as well as for wraps and for washing scalds, ulcers and inflammations of the skin. Fresh horsetail juice stops bleeding. It is used in a mixture with burdock, hops, soap suds and chamomile to wash out hair.

CHEMISTRY
Horsetail herb contains large amounts of silica, alkaloids (including nicotine), saponins (equizetonine), flavonoids (equizetrin and isoquercitrin). Proteins represent 14.6% of herb’s dry matter, nitrogen of 2.3%. Of the mineral components in 1 kg of dry matter horsetail herb contains 34.2 g K, 1.15 g P, 285 mg Fe and 28 mg Mn. Bulbs on rhizomes contain starch.

MORPHOLOGY
Wormwood
It has a height of 40 cm. It is green and slightly branched (10-12 side branches), rough and ribbed (it has 6-19 ribs). The vaginas are green, cylindrical with 6-18 blackish teeth at the top with a white border. Branches are single, with 4-5 deep ribs and vagina with 4-5 cloves.
Rhizome
It develops at a depth of 25-130 cm underground. It is long, crawling, strongly branched brown color. It has shooter tubers containing spare substances from which the plant derives in early spring the ingredients needed to produce a sporangium shoot before the photosynthesis begins.
Leaves
They are very small, appear on the whorls, surrounding the knots and strengthening them. It is 6-18 on the shoot, they have the shape of black teeth with a white border. Long, thin and segmented side branches growing out of whorl are not leaves, but shoots.
Antenhydrogenism
It is juicy, raised and unbranched, has a height of 10-30 cm with a diameter of 2-6 mm and a light brown or redish coloring. The cross-section is round and has a funnel-shaped vagina (with 6-12 drying green-brown scales). At the top there is one brown, bluntly sporangia (sporophylstan) ear, 1.5-3 cm long. When they mature, the ear dies.
Spores
Horsetail spores are spherical, uniform, approximately 50 μm in diameter. Each of them is equipped with 4 ribbon ribbons (compression, haptery, elatery). They exhibit very strong hygroscopic movements: they straighten in dry conditions, while in wet they wrap around spores.

OCCURRENCE
Horsetail is a cosmopolitan species widespread throughout the world.

BOTANY
Sporulated shoots appear in early spring, futile shoots at the end of spring. Spores are produced in March-April, but the plant rarely reproduces through spores. Horsetail grows by forming shoots from rhizomes, and reproduces mainly vegetatively by fragments of rhizomes detached during field work.
In larger quantities, horsetail is poisonous to animals. Horses and pigs are particularly sensitive to horsetail. Lethal poisoning of horses, especially foals, has been documented. Symptoms of poisoning in horses are restless behavior – horses bite and kick. Ingestion of large amounts causes intoxication of the animals and muscle inertia. There is paralysis of the central nervous system and pathological changes in internal organs. A large share of horsetail in hay reduces the milk yield of cows.
Horsetail is a plant mainly of ruderal and segetal habitats. It grows in cultivated fields and gardens, on fallow lands, roadside areas, railroad tracks, wastelands, landfills, and less often in meadows. It is a common weed on different soils and in different crops. It grows best in the cultivation of root crops, especially potatoes. It grows on moist and fresh soils, both sandy and loamy. It grows less often in meadows, because it is sensitive to the processes of reducing organic compounds occurring under the meadow turf. Formerly it was thought to be an indicator plant for soil acidification, but it turned out that even in alkaline soils it grows well thanks to the formation of a specific acid-based ryzosphere. It is a plant indicating the existence of strong humidity of deeper soil layers.
The number of chromosomes 2n = 216.