Plant mucus – a viscous gelatinous solution of organic substances (combinations of polysaccharides with uronic acids and proteins) found in the tissues of some plants. In the dry state, the mucus becomes brittle and hard.
It arises as a result of the transformation of cell membranes on the surface of seeds (e.g. flax, watercress, locust beans or in special cells, e.g. roots, leaves, seeds (mallow, mallow, sago plants). In some cases, mucus is formed by a pathogenic agent. In this case Many cells are mucous, e.g. in the case of mutilation of the branches of acacia, cherry or plum.
Mucus from trees also finds its practical application. For example, slime from cherry tree (cherry glue) or Senegalese acacia tree (so-called gum arabic) is used to make glues. In medicine, plant sluices are widely used because of their specific effects on the human body. They are part of many medications with emollient, soothing, coating mucous membranes in respiratory and gastrointestinal diseases.
Their characteristic swelling property on contact with water is used in medicine: some of these plant materials are used in the form of mild laxatives (e.g. agar-agar, flax seeds, psyllium). Mucous materials in medicine play the role of protective, emollient, protective and anti-inflammatory agents. This effect is only local because the mucus is not absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract.
As protective measures, they are important in:
• inflammation of the digestive tract,
• inflammation of the respiratory tract,
• external application to the skin.
The most commonly used are:
• marshmallow root and leaf,
• forest mallow flower,
• black mallow flower,
• flax seeds,
• seeds of a fanugreek,
• mullein flower,
• Icelandic lichen,
• quince seeds,
• tubers of orchids,