GENERAL INFORMATION
Sage (Salvia officinalis L., fr. sauge commune, ger. Gartensalbei, it. Salvia, sp. salvia officinal) – species of plants from the family Lamiaceae (Lamiaceae). It comes from the Mediterranean region (Albania, Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy), but has spread here and there outside this area. It is grown in many countries of the world. Its Latin name is derived from the Latin salvus meaning health.

PHARMACOLOGY
The leaves are a medical raw material. It improves the digestive system, lowers blood sugar, and sage infusions relieve sore throat and skin. In addition, it soothes depression, fatigue and exhaustion. An infusion of sage is used for excessive night sweating, especially for tuberculosis and neurotic drugs. Thanks to bactericidal properties, sage is also used externally to rinse the mouth, throat, purulent gingivitis, thrush and angina. The sage infusion is also used for compresses for hard-healing wounds, leg ulcers, as well as a bath refill for rheumatic diseases, rashes and other cutaneous diseases. Tea from leaves prevents diarrhea, it is also used to irrigate the vagina in vaginal discharge. It is also a (weak) antifungal agent, and antitussive, soothing symptoms occurring during menopause, effective in salivary diarrhea. An infusion of sage leaves reduce lactation, which is very useful for breast inflammation – it can lead to complete loss of food.
 

CHEMISTRY
Sage leaves (Folium Salviae) contain from 2.5 to 3% volatile oil, which contains, among others tujon, cineol, camphor and pinene. In addition, sage contains tannins, flavonoids, organic acids, bitterness, large amounts of vitamin B1 (about 850 mg%), vitamin PP and carotenes (vitamin A) and large amounts of vitamin C.

MORPHOLOGY
Sort
It reaches a height of 50-70 cm. Has a tendency to lie down.
Stalk
Erect, four-sided or round, woody from below. The whole plant is slightly pubescent.
Leaves
Green-silver, soft to the touch, long-legged, oblong oval or lanceolate, arranged opposite. The shore is slightly notched, and wrinkled on the outside.
Flowers
Double-lipped, violet-blue in color, collected 4-8 in peak pseudo-circulars.

OCCURRENCE
The place of origin of sage is in the Mediterranean. It also occurs in other places as a widespread species. Is a plant grown in many places around the world.

BOTANY
Subshrub. Blooms from May to June. It grows on sunny slopes and rocks, on soils rich in calcium and relatively moist.